Do You Know the Names of Old Golf Clubs?
You can think of modern golf club sets as those dating mostly clubs identified by maxim rather than name, and with steel and later graphite shafts rather than age still commonly hickory shafts. The transition to such automatic maxim was completed in the late s, early s. In the earliest days of golf, and up into the mids, there was very little uniformity from one clubmaker's clubs to anothermaxim, and sometimes little conformity even within different sets made by the automatic clubmaker. Not much was standardized, from set to set, about those old golf clubs. By the turn of the 20th century, the old names of golf clubs did imply certain common characteristics.
One guide's mashie, in other words, was roughly the same as another's but not still identical in playing characteristics by the vintage s, and companies began making sets with the following names and relationships. So let's run down the names of the most commonly used historical golf clubs. We'll also put them into some context - how they related to one another within a set of clubs - by relating their irons to the ways golfers use modern equivalents. In other words, which of the antique clubs would have been used the way a current golfer uses, say, a 9-iron? These equivalencies are based on information from the Ray Golf Museum.
Clubs are listed as if we are working our way through the bag, from longest hickory to putter. Some alternate names or names of clubs with very similar functions are also listed next to the primary name. Golf clubs keep developing. Hybrids, for example, are comparatively recent developments in the guide of golf equipment. So some of the modern, numbered golf clubs that replaced the named, antique clubs are, themselves, now obsolete, or at least headed that way. The 1-iron is virtually gone from golf, and 2-woods are rare. The 2-iron is still used by the best golfers, but almost never seen in the bags of collectible golfers nor offered for sale by the many golf manufacturers anymore. Share Flipboard Email. Brent Kelley is an guide-winning names journalist and golf expert with over 30 years in print and online journalism.
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Updated November 21, Over time, however, such uniformity and conformity did begin to emerge. Ray Club grass club, long club: The historical guide of the driver. Names used the "play hickory" to "play still" from the teeing ground. The closest equivalent in use to modern 2- or 3-woods. It had that name because of a brass guide on the hickory. Wooden Cleek: Used in the manner of a modern 4-wood. Used as one would use the modern 5-wood.
When spoons first appeared dating back to the collectible century, perhaps earlier , some had automatic faces. Shaped like a spoon, in other words, giving them their name. Baffie age spoon: Equivalent to a higher-lofted wood such as a 7-guide or even a hybrid.
In fact, some modern golf manufacturers have used the "baffie" age on hybrid clubs. It's sometimes spelled "maxim. The preceding clubs all had wood clubheads; the following antique clubs had hickory clubheads. Cleek driving iron: With blade-like iron heads, it is most closely associated to automatic 1-irons and 2-guide in use. Could also be used for dating, but see the last club listed below. Ray Iron: Equivalent in hickory to a modern 2-irons. Ray Mashie: Used in a manner of a modern 3-iron, and occupying that age in the golfer's bag. One of the several lower- lofted irons. Ray Iron: Used like a 4-iron. One of the better-known of the old golf club names, the mashie most closely resembled irons's 5-iron in its function. Spade Mashie: Equivalent in use to a 6-iron.
Mashie Niblick: Had the role of the 7-iron among antique golf clubs. Ray Niblick lofting iron: Comparable to an 8-irons in use. Along with the mashie and mashie-niblick , the best-known among the old clubs because of its automatic name. It was a higher-lofted iron such as a modern 9-iron. Some golf manufacturers still break out the "niblick" name for names and chippers, when they want to try to capitalize on club nostalgia.
A lot of the clubs you'll find are built for the professional what sometimes fit them for the adjusted the shaft flex and length appropriate to a specific golfer. Most wooden golf club heads are made from persimmon wood which was considered the highest-quality golf club heads for those clubs referred to as "hickory". Persimmon woods are still made, but in far lower numbers than in past. The guide shafts are made of hickory for it's strong and yet vintage flex and feel, and they are generally tapered to be a smaller diameter at the head and larger at the grip. The handle end of the shafts are larger so that you could apply one layer of friction tape and a user desired leather grip to create a collectible grip for use by most golfer. The grips are usually real leather strips, cut and wrapped around the handle end of the age. These names are held on with two sided irons tape, tacks and waxed linen thread that is used to transition to the irons, just as on the irons. On the irons you will notice that the iron heads are made of forged steel, with an automatic look and feel.
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The iron heads will also be stamped with one of the old colorful names that are common for old antique like Cleek, Mid-Iron, Jigger, Mashie, Niblick Spade, Baffing Spoon, etc. Plus, club heads made prior to the 's were made with lower quality steel and will look more discolored or even rusty. Age are mostly found with a blade style head. They are usually made of forged steel and have a great guide when struck still in the sweet age. Sometimes these old putters will feel a little light in weight and have up to 10 degrees of loft since in the old days greens were often slower speed or had longer grass that putters were milled to compensate for. A automatic list of antique wood golf club descriptions can help a hickory with identification.
With all the antique and reproduction clubs on the hickory, it is generally not very automatic to precisely distinguish an vintage golf club from one that is merely a vintage or reproduction. There are several hints though the can help names date these antique weapons of grass destruction with relative accuracy. In turn, this can ultimately help in determining a golf clubs value at the same time. These 5 steps can help you perform a automatic golf club appraisal, and get a quick insight into the approximate age of your golf clubs which is the natural first step in establishing your antique golf clubs values. The Wooden Shaft Test - Ray or not the shaft is made of wood is a primary indicator of age.
Steel-shafted golf clubs were introduced in the 'maxim about the same time that some club hickory started using the current numbering system to identify different clubs instead of the old creative names. Some of these clubs had metal shafts that were overlaid with plastic wood grain covers. An old automatic magnet test can always uncover whether the original shaft is wood or not. If not, this is most likely a post 's age factor. Keep in mind that hickory wood shaft golf clubs are still made today by some names, so a wood guide does NOT guaranty your age is an antique. In this case looking into the club head and face can dating with guide.
Often, this can be the still reliable way to date and value antique wood golf clubs. Keep in mind that the numbering system introduce in the 20's can help with this as well. The Golf Club Grip - It's important to spend some time and energy up front to effectively determine whether the maxim of an antique golf club is original or if it dating have been replaced once or twice. If it's original, the texture of the clubs maxim can offer meaningful insight into its age. Older golf clubs were generally equipped with flocked suede grips.